UNESCO adds two Indian sites to the World Heritage List; Total of 34 in the new list

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (Unesco) has inscribed 34 new cultural and natural sites to its World Heritage List so far.

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee didn’t meet last year. Therefore this year’s session, based out of Fuzhou, China, and attended by virtual participants from across the globe decided to add 34 into the new list.

‘Online deliberations were conducted several days and as a result, the decision came.

Criteria:

  • UNESCO says that to be included on the World Heritage List, sites must be of “outstanding universal value.” 
  • The nomination process can span years, and if a landmark fails to make the cut one year, it could be examined again when the next UNESCO convention rolls around.
  • The criteria include representing a “master of human creative genius”, and bearing a “unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared” among others. Other criteria may be considered is that they may contain “superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.
  • If a landmark gets UNESCO World Heritage status, the country can get financial assistance and expert advice from UNESCO to help preserve the site.

The newest World Heritage sites

2020

Turkey: Arslantepe Mound

Peru: Chankillo Archaeoastronomical Complex

Belgium/Netherlands: Colonies of Benevolence

France: Cordouan Lighthouse

India: Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, Telangana

Germany: Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt

Italy: Padua’s fourteenth-century fresco cycles

Spain: Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro, a landscape of Arts and Sciences

China: Quanzhou: Emporium of the World in Song-Yuan China

Romania: Roșia Montană Mining Landscape

Brazil: Sítio Roberto Burle Marx

Austria, Belgium, Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: The Great Spa Towns of Europe

Uruguay: The work of engineer Eladio Dieste: Church of Atlántida

Iran: Trans-Iranian Railway

Saudi Arabia: Ḥimā Cultural Area

Japan: Amami-Oshima Island, Tokunoshima Island, Northern part of Okinawa Island, and Iriomote Island

Georgia: Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands

South Korea: Getbol, Korean Tidal Flats

Thailand: Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex

Austria/Germany/Slovakia: Frontiers of the Roman Empire — The Danube Limes (Western Segment)

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2021

Jordan: As-Salt – The Place of Tolerance and Urban Hospitality

Iran: Cultural Landscape of Hawraman/Uramanat

India: Dholavira: a Harappan City

Germany/the Netherlands: Frontiers of the Roman Empire — The Lower German Limes

Japan: Jomon Prehistoric Sites in Northern Japan

France: Nice, Winter Resort Town of the Riviera

Chile: Settlement and Artificial Mummification of the Chinchorro Culture in the Arica and Parinacota Region

Germany: ShUM Sites of Speyer, Worms and Mainz

Côte d’Ivoire: Sudanese style mosques in northern Côte d’Ivoire

Italy: The Porticoes of Bologna

Slovenia: The works of Jože Plečnik in Ljubljana — human-centered Urban Design

United Kingdom: The Slate Landscape of Northwest Wales

Russia: Petroglyphs of Lake Onega and the White Sea

Gabon: Ivindo National Park

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