Hiroshima day 2021: Here is the history, significance, and impacts of atomic bombings

It has been 76 years since the largest and biggest nuclear bomb attack in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Today is the 76th year of destruction that led to the surrender of Japan during World War II.  August 6 has been marked in history as Hiroshima day. On this day in 1945, the United States dropped the very first deployed nuclear bomb in the city of Hiroshima, wiping out an estimated 39 percent of the population, most of whom were civilians. Along with the atomic bombing of Nagasaki three days later, these instances remain the only recorded use of nuclear weapons in armed conflict.

History :

In the Second World War, Japan was against America and its allies. As the allies were winning the war, countries like China and Japan were pushed back from several locations. The Japanese soldiers treated the British and American soldiers cruelly, which resulted in a nuclear attack.

In 1945, the United Nations deployed a nuclear bomb to the city of Hiroshima. This wiped out 39 percent of the civilians in the city. The US created two atomic bombs named ‘The Little Boy’ dropped in the city of Hiroshima and ‘The Fat Man’ in the city of Nagasaki on August 6 and 9 respectively.


Hiroshima Day 2021 will mark the 76th anniversary of the nuclear explosion. The day is celebrated by holding a peace ceremony in Hiroshima’s Peace Memorial Park. The survivors and citizens gather to pay homage to the innocent people who were killed during the bombing. Galway Alliance Against War also organizes an annual event in Eyre Square to remember Hiroshima Day.

The explosion facts and impacts:

The blast killed nearly 80,000 people with massive infrastructural damage. As per the official data, 69 percent of the buildings were destroyed.

The little boy flattened buildings within 2.5 km of a radius, which led to the destruction of buildings, leaving about 28,000. Several thousand people were killed and injured with a sickening effect at a later period of time.

This day reminds us of the devastating situation of nuclear warfare that records instances in history. The aftermath of the bombing led to radiation poisoning like atomic bomb disease that has increased the cancer risks, birth defects, severe mental retardation, etc.

Read also: Kargil Vijay Diwas; Nationals commemorate the day

The day remembered in 2021:

As the Olympic Games 2020 are being held in Tokyo, Japan, Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui has sent a letter to the President of the International Olympics Committee (IOC), Thomas Bach, asking for a moment of silence to be observed to mark Hiroshima Day on August 6.

However, reportedly, the IOC has no plans to call for a moment of silence during the games on August 6 but has been planning to honour the day during the closing ceremony of the Olympic games.

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