Tropical storm Fred finally forms in the Caribbean; How are the hurricanes named

A new tropical storm was formed in the Atlantic named Fred. Tropical Storm Fred formed Tuesday night off the coast of Puerto Rico, becoming the sixth named storm of the 2021 Atlantic hurricane season, CNN reported.

As of 11:00 p.m. Tuesday, the storm was about 45 miles south-southwest of Ponce, Puerto Rico, with sustained winds of 40 mph, according to the National Hurricane Center.

Tropical storm warnings are in effect for Puerto Rico and some parts of the Dominican Republic. The storm warning means that tropical storm conditions are possible in the warning area within 36 hours.

The hurricane center’s forecast as of Tuesday night does not show the storm becoming a hurricane, but it could become a strong tropical storm with 65 mph winds (which is a higher estimate than earlier Tuesday).

By Friday, the storm is predicted to reach South Florida, potentially making landfall over the Florida Keys, Guy said.

Read also: Typhoon In-Fa; China evacuates over 1,00,000 from Shanghai

How the hurricanes are named:

According to a geology study in a journal, Hurricanes occur every year, and sometimes two or three hurricanes can be active at the same time. Using names for these storms makes it much easier for meteorologists, researchers, emergency response workers, ship captains, and citizens to communicate about specific hurricanes and be clearly understood.

For that reason, the World Meteorological Organization develops a list of names. These are assigned in alphabetical order to tropical storms as they are discovered in each hurricane season. Names can be repeated after an interval of six years. But the names of especially severe storms are permanently retired from use.

Naming hurricanes is the responsibility of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which revises the lists each year. If more storms occur in one season than there are names on the list, the newest storms have traditionally been named after the Greek alphabet (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, etc.). However, this will no longer be the case starting in 2021. Instead of the Greek alphabet, a list of supplemental names will be used. Like names from the regular annual lists, supplemental names can be retired and replaced if the storms are deemed to be significantly impactful.

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