Visiting a famous place is interesting but at the same time the unveiled or least visited or least established regions are more interesting. Digging more information and collecting data about a particular region is always a case of research. Many archeologists are doing their research, especially on the least visited places. Taranto is such a place that is known as southern Italy’s hidden treasure. Taranto is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy. It is the capital of the Province of Taranto, serving as an important commercial port as well as the main Italian naval base. The Puglia region envelops the “heel” of the boot-shaped Italian peninsula.
Founded by Spartans in the 8th century BC during the period of Greek colonization, Taranto was among the most important in Magna Graecia, becoming a cultural, economic, and military power that gave birth to philosophers, strategists, writers, and athletes. This region is a perfect place for tourists with the attraction of sparkling and clear water and speckled with charming, historic towns and villages. The region’s list of must-see attractions includes the UNESCO World Heritage sites of Alberobello and Castel del Monte, the verdant national park of Gargano, the azure sea caves of Salento, and quaint towns like Otranto, Ostuni, and Gallipoli.
Taranto is now the third-largest continental city in southern Italy (south of Rome, roughly the southern half of the Italian peninsula), with well-developed steel and iron foundries, oil refineries, chemical works, naval shipyards, and food-processing factories.
Big sea and Little sea
The region consists of a big sea as well as a little sea. The Big Sea is frequently known as the Big Sea bay as that is where ships harbor. It is separated from the Little Sea by a cape that closes the gulf, leading to the artificial island. The Big Sea is separated from the Ionian Sea by the Capo San Vito, the Isole Cheradi of St Peter and St Paul, and the three islands of San Nicolicchio, which are completely incorporated by the ILA steelworks. The latter form a little archipelago that closes off the arc creating the natural Big Sea bay.
The Little Sea is considered to be a lagoon so it presents problems of water exchange. It is virtually divided into two by the Ponte Punta Penna Pizzone, which joins the Punta Penna to the Punta Pizzone. The first of these forms a rough triangle, whose corners are the opening to the east and the Porta Napoli channel linking it to the Big Sea in the west. The second half forms an ellipse whose major axis measures almost 5 kilometres (3 miles) from the south-west to the north-east. The Galeso river flows into the first half.
Taranto’s strategy for the old city revolves around the restoration, repopulation, and accessibility. Like other Italian cities, the municipality has experimented with offering €1 homes for sale on the island, almost all of which have been sold.
The climate of the city is a hot-summer Mediterranean climate. The spring is usually mild and rainy, but it is not uncommon to have sudden cold spells from the north and east, which often cause snowfall. Meanwhile, The summer is hot and humid, with temperatures averaging 29 °C (84 °F).
World War II
The Battle of Taranto took place on the night of 11–12 November 1940 during the Second World War between British naval forces, under Admiral Andrew Cunningham, and Italian naval forces, under Admiral Inigo Campioni. The Royal Navy launched the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history. The attack struck the battle fleet of the Regia Marina at anchor in the harbour of Taranto, using aerial torpedoes despite the shallowness of the water.