20 years after the chaotic incidents; A peep into the September 11 attacks

There had been a lot of war between many countries and allies in and around the world. But one terrifying attack is still in the minds of people, especially in the US. Twenty years ago, two passenger planes slammed into both towers of the World Trade Center in New York. It was the worst terrorist attack in US history. The attack which occurred on September 11, 2001, is one of the most extensive attacks that has hit the world in recent times. After the incident, the terror made the world a darker place.

History

The attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the militant Islamist terrorist group al-Qaeda against the US. With the aim of crash landing into an American building, four commercial airlines traveling from the northeastern US to California were hijacked mid-flight by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists. The motive of the group was to cause mass casualties and partial or complete destruction of the targeted buildings.

Two planes struck the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York. The third plane hit the Pentagon just outside Washington, D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. Almost 3,000 people were killed during the attacks. It triggered major U.S. initiatives to combat terrorism and defined the presidency of George W. Bush.

The destruction of the World Trade Center and nearby infrastructure seriously harmed the economy of New York City and created a global economic recession. Many countries strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation and expanded the powers of law of enforcement and intelligence agencies to prevent terrorist attacks. Cleanup of the World Trade Center site was completed in May 2002, and the Pentagon was repaired within a year. The construction of the World Trade Center complex’s replacement began in November 2006, and the building opened in November 2014.

Al-Qaeda motive

Al-Qaeda led by Osama Bin Laden, al-Qaeda blamed the US and its allies for conflicts in the Muslim world. Nineteen people carried out the hijackings, working in three teams of five and one of four. Each group included someone who had received pilot training. This was carried out at flying schools in the US itself. Fifteen hijackers were Saudis like Bin Laden himself. Two were from the United Arab Emirates, one was from Egypt and one was from Lebanon.

Al-Qaeda’s motives for their attacks include US support of Israel, Support for the “attacks against Muslims” in Somalia, Support of Philippines against Muslims in the Moro conflict, Support for Israeli “aggression” against Muslims in Lebanon, Support of Russian “atrocities against Muslims” in Chechnya, Pro-American governments in the Middle East (who “act as your agents”) being against Muslim interests.

Aftermath

The aftermath of the attacks resulted in immediate responses to the event, including domestic reactions, hate crimes, Muslim-American responses to the event, international responses to the attack, and military responses to the events. An extensive compensation program was quickly established by Congress in the aftermath to compensate the victims and families of victims of the 9/11 attacks as well.

No Success

It is difficult to see that the war on terror has been a success. In fact, the world has not experienced such an extensive attack in the last 20 years. The incident which took place on 11 September 2001 is probably as much about security measures and surveillance as military actions.