Engineers are the backbone and sole reason for the growth of civilization. Engineers develop solutions to the world’s biggest technical issues. Every year, the country gets lakhs of engineers who play a key role in every stream. September 15 is celebrated every year as engineer’s day in India. The day is also celebrated to commemorate one of India’s finest engineers, Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya commonly known as Sir MV, was an Indian civil engineer, statesman, and the 19th Diwan of Mysore, serving from 1912 to 1919. The man with high principles played a crucial role in constructing dams, reservoirs, and hydro-power projects in India. Krishna Raja Sagar dam in Karnataka and the flood protection system of Hyderabad are some of his high architect projects. According to the Institution of Engineers India, he was referred to as the ‘precursor of economic planning in India’. The engineer designed and patented automatic barrier water floodgates in 1903. Also called Block System, it had automated doors that close in the event of water overflow. It was first installed at the Khadakvasla reservoir in Pune. The government awarded him with India’s highest honor ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1955 for his contribution to the building of India.
Sir M V studied Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Mysore and then studied civil engineering at the College of Science in Pune. He later started his career in the Public Works Department in Bombay. He established the Government Engineering College in 1917 which is, now known as Bengaluru’s University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering.
History and Significance of the day
The Indian government declared Sir M Visvesvaraya’s birth anniversary as Engineers’ Day in 1968. The day is to recognize his efforts and contributions towards the development of the country along with to honor and acknowledge all engineers who have contributed to the country in many ways.
World Engineers’ Day is celebrated globally by UNESCO on March 4 but some countries such as India, Srilanka, and Tanzania celebrate the day on September 15. This year in India marks the 160th birth anniversary of M Visvesvaraya who was born on September 15, 1861.