The first-ever US National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) on the issue of climate change has been published. In the report, the United States intelligence agencies have identified that India is among the 11 countries as countries of concern and highly vulnerable nations over the climate crisis worldwide.
Apart from India, neighboring countries like Afghanistan, Pakistan are on the list, and these countries are very weak in their ability to prepare and respond to the environmental and social crises caused by climate change. The report has been released ahead of the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow.
The rise in temperature is one of the key reasons. The report said, “China and India will play critical roles in determining the trajectory of temperature rise.” The findings were reported in the wake of the failure of seasonal rains and other sudden natural disasters that force an average of 21.5 million people from their homes to get out around the world.
Monitoring floods in a proper manner and taking steps accordingly, taking U.S. aid that aims to help people avoid droughts or storms in their home countries, are some of the steps recommended in the report to cope up with the situation.
Officials also identified that Afghanistan, the country that burns with the new rule, has witnessed heat and drought in the country and the situation is a bit worse over there. Meanwhile, in India and the rest of South Asia, water disputes have been predicted as an important geopolitical flashpoint.
It has been warned in the report that the possibility of geopolitical tensions and the risk to US national security is present due to global warming in the run-up to 2040. Moreover, Indian and Pakistan face challenges due to ‘water insecurities’.
The United States and the European Union, as the second-and third-largest emitters, are now reducing their emissions whereas India and China are the fourth and first largest emitters in accordance with temperature rise. The report also acknowledged that both China and India are incorporating more renewable and low-carbon energy sources, but several factors will limit their displacement of coal.
The report also noted,” Tens of millions of people are likely to be displaced over the next two to three decades due in large measure to climate change impacts.” However, the officials said the intelligence community needs more scientific expertise and to integrate climate change into its analysis of other countries.
The US intelligence report also pointed out that if the situation continues to be like this, the increase of the risk of instability in Central Africa and small island states in the Pacific would definitely be seen as these areas are the most vulnerable regions.