The Constitution day is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. The day is also known as Samvidhan Divas and also known as National Law Day. On November 26, 1949, the Constitution was adopted in India by the constituent assembly and it came into effect on January 26, 1950. Between the time of adoption and enforcement of the Constitution, the draft was thoroughly read and translated (from English to Hindi).
According to the government site, In 2015, the Union ministry of social justice notified the decision of the Centre to celebrate November 26 as Constitution Day to promote constitutional values among citizens. The year 2015 marked Ambedkar’s 125th birth anniversary. As a tribute to the legendary man, the government came up with this idea to make it memorable.
This year in 2021 was the 131st birth anniversary of Ambedkar, who had chaired the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly and played a pivotal role in the drafting of the constitution. Previously the day was commemorated as Law day.
A preamble was introduced in the Indian constitution on the 26th of November. In a Constitution, it presents the intention of its framers, the history behind its creation, and the core values and principles of the nation. The ideals behind the Preamble to India’s Constitution were laid down by Jawaharlal Nehru’s Objectives Resolution, adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 22, 1947.
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a
SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION”.\
Here are some of the key points about the constitution of India:
- American historian Granville Seward Austin has described the Constitution drafted by Ambedkar as ‘first and foremost a social document’.
- Features of the Indian Constitution have been borrowed from other countries, including Britain, Ireland, Japan, the USA, South Africa, Germany, Australia and Canada.
- It is one of the longest hand-written documents in the world. There are a total of 1,17,369 words in the English version.
- It took 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days to write it down.
- The original copies which were written in Hindi and English are kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
- Later, in accordance with the Constitution, the Assembly elected Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the first President of the Republic of India at a special session on 24 January 1950.