As per official reports, China has been facing a decline in the rate of marriages along with a decline in the birth rate. China Statistical Yearbook 2021 figures show that this would exacerbate the current population crisis in the world’s most populous country, ANI reported.
China’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) shows that 8.14 million marriages were registered in 2020, down 1.13 million from 2019 and the lowest level in 17 years. Since 2013, the marriage rate has been declining and most people are now having a notion not to go for marriages.
In the first three quarters of 2021, a total of 5.87 million couples got married in the country. This is slightly less than the same period in 2020. Also, the birth rate in the country was 0.852 percent last year. According to reports, for the first time since 1978, the birth rate has fallen below one percent.
Ren Zeping, dean of the Evergrande Research Institute said, the strive for individual freedom and liberty, as well as the high cost of raising children, are behind the decreasing willingness to get married. He further said that high housing prices and high education costs have also pulled back young people from getting married, especially in big cities. Thus the marriage rate is low.
Gigi Lee, writing in radio Free Asia said that surveys suggest young people face hindrances to setting up in new homes and let alone having children. As the demographic crisis intensified, the decades-old, one-child policy was repealed, allowing up to two children in 2016. The law has been amended this year to allow up to three children.
Meanwhile, 4.339 million divorces were registered in 2020, 361,600 fewer than in 2019. The rate fell to 3.09 percent. The province with the highest divorce rate in 2020 was North China’s Tianjin Municipality, at 4.92 percent, and the lowest was Southwest China’s Xizang Autonomous Region, at 1.75 percent.