Indian Army day 2022; History and Significance

On January 15, every year, India celebrates Indian Army day to commemorate Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa (K. M. Cariappa), who had been the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army. A military parade and many other martial displays at Delhi Cantonment’s Cariappa Parade Ground every year.

On this day, the soldiers who served the nation selflessly have been honored. This year, due to spreading cases of Covid-19 and its variants, the day is celebrated amid stringent curbs. 


Indian Army was officially established on April 1, 1895.  It was in 1949, India received its first-ever Indian chief. In 1947, in the war against Pakistan on the western border, Lt Gen Cariappa led the Indian Army. Later in 1986, he became the second-highest-ranking officer in the Indian Army when he received the title of Field Marshal of India. The first officer to receive this highest ranking was Sam Manekshaw in 1973. Lt Gen KM Cariappa succeeded General Francis Butcher, the final British commander-in-chief of the Indian Army, as commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed forces in 1949. 


On January 15, the day is celebrated in commemoration of Lieutenant General KM Cariappa took over as the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army. Cariappa took over the position from Britain’s General Francis Bucher, in 1949. General Cariappa’s acquisition as the chief was the official power transfer from British rule. 

Each year, the main event is the parade, at Cariappa Parade Ground at Delhi Cantt. The Army Chief General Manoj Mukund Naravane, takes salute and on this day Bravery awards like unit credentials and Sena medals are also awarded. 

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Usually, a showcase of arsenal and weapons be done on this particular day. Meanwhile, the news of the approval of India’s BrahMos missile to the Philippines also came prior to the day, which is also a mark to the nations’ contributions. 

Moreover, according to the numbers in the public domain, China has the largest army in the world. On number two is India and has around 1.4 million military personnel on active duty. Technologically, India is far behind the US, China, and Russia.