Russian invasion in Ukraine; Know the importance of the 5 Ukrainian cities that Russia is gunning for

As Russia continues to invade the eastern part of Ukraine, life in the Ukrainian cities like Kyiv, Kharkiv, Mariupol is becoming worse and is under threat. The city Kyiv and other cities in Ukraine came under more bombardment and many people have lost lives in the bombardment. Here we look at the key cities its forces are targeting: 

  1. Kyiv

 The largest, the most populous, the capital Ukrainian city is in north-central Ukraine along the Dnieper River. It is known for the golden domes of its ancient churches and monasteries. It is also the seventh most populous city in Europe. The countries Russia and Ukraine trace their origins to the medieval Kievan Rus empire which was centered on the city. During its history, Kyiv is one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, passed through several stages of prominence and obscurity, FirstPost reported.

The Ukrainian city is a host of industrial, scientific, educational, and cultural centers in Eastern Europe. It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions, and historical landmarks. The city has an extensive system of public transport and infrastructure, including the Kyiv Metro. Kyiv’s vast central Independence Square, popularly known as Maidan, became the center of the “Orange Revolution” as well as the long pro-European uprising of 2014 that sparked Russia’s annexation of Crimea.

  1. Kharkiv

It is the second-largest city in Ukraine. Kharkiv is a tech hub of 1.4 million inhabitants just 40 kilometers (25 miles) from the Russian border. Kharkiv was founded in 1654 as a Kharkiv fortress, and after these humble beginnings, it grew to be a major center of industry, trade, and Ukrainian culture in the Russian Empire.

Kharkiv is a large rail junction, with several trunk lines converging on it and a number of mainline stations. Since 2014 it has become home to hundreds of thousands of people fleeing fighting between government forces and Russian-backed rebels in the nearby eastern Donbas region.

Most of the Indian students are taking shelter in Kharkiv amid the Russian bombardment. It is the city of Kharkiv that witnessed the death of Indian student Naveen in the conflict. 

  1. Mariupol

It is the tenth-largest city in Ukraine and the second largest in the Donetsk Oblast with a population of 431,859. Since the beginning of the Russian invasion, the coast of the Sea of Azov at the mouth of the Kalmius river, in the Pryazovia region has been faced attack. At the beginning of the uprising against Kyiv in 2014, Russian-backed separatists from Donetsk were briefly captured by Mariupol and recaptured by Ukrainian forces.

The city is largely and traditionally Russophone, while ethnically the population is divided about evenly between Ukrainians and Russians. 

Read Also: Anonymous group launches cyberwar against Russia; what is cyber warfare, what will be their next move, explained

  1. Berdyansk

It is on the northern coast of the Sea of Azov, which is the northern extension of the Black Sea. It serves as an administrative center of Berdiansk Raion, though it does not belong to the raion. With a population of 115,000, the resort is famous for its beaches and mud baths, which welcome more than half a million tourists each year. Earlier this week, the Ukrainian government confirmed that the port of Berdyansk was under Russian control.

  1. Kherson

Kherson is a strategic port on the west bank of the Dnieper River which controls the approaches to the Crimean peninsula. Kherson is an important port on the Black Sea and on the Dnieper River, and the home of major ship-building industry. Founded in 1778 as a fortress to protect the newly acquired Black Sea frontage of Russia, it became the first Russian naval base and shipyard on the Black Sea.
The west of Ukraine- Odessa which has the most Russian-speaking people, would get the Kherson when it falls. Since 2014, Kherson has housed the office of the Ukrainian President’s representative in Crimea.