Russia is using devastating vacuum bombs against Ukraine; What are vacuum bombs, why it is used, explained

As per reports, Russia has been using horrible vacuum and cluster bombs against Ukraine for the past few days. These weapons have been condemned by a variety of international organizations. Ukraine’s ambassador to the United States and human rights groups have raised their concerns and have accused over the use of vacuum bombs on Ukrainians as the war rages in and around Kyiv.

As per international media reports, these weapons have been used by Russia for the invasion of Ukraine even in a staggered way. Although there has been no official report yet about the vacuum bombs fired by Russia in Ukraine, it is still believed that the horribly devastating bombs have been bombarded on Ukraine soil.

Vacuum bombs

Vacuum bombs also called Thermobaric weapons are aerosol bombs or fuel-air explosives. It is a two-stage munition. It is capable of destroying reinforced buildings and vaporizing human bodies within its area of impact. Through Vaccum bombs, oxygen is drawn from the surrounding air to create explosions at high temperatures, creating an explosive wave that is significantly longer than a typical explosive.

These types of weapons are used for a variety of purposes and come in a variety of sizes, including weapons used by individual soldiers, such as grenades and rocket launchers. A protracted thermobaric explosion can travel around each part of the region, making it effective against bunkers, ditches, and tunnels, providing protection from a typical explosion.

This type of vacuum bomb can be launched like a rocket or dropped from an aircraft. They work by releasing fuel and explosive charges. Different fuels can be used, including toxic powdered metals and organic matter containing oxidants. If a vacuum bomb is fired, then there is very little chance that can protect humans and other life forms from their blast and incendiary effects.

The effects of these bombs could be devastating and it is because of that effect of creating a vacuum and sucking the air out of the lungs of defenders. There are no special laws designed specifically to ban their use. However, under the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, if a country uses them to target civilian populations, then it could be convicted of a war crime.

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The bombs were first used during World War Two by the German army. They were not widely developed until the 1960s when the US used them in Vietnam. The US also used them in Afghanistan. First, in 2001 to try to destroy al-Qaeda forces hiding in the caves of the Tora Bora mountains, and in 2017, against the Islamic State.

Russia used them in its war in Chechnya in 1999 and was condemned by Human Rights Watch for doing so. However, agencies are working to check whether these bombs have been fired on Ukraine premises or not.