Shigella outbreak, Kerala on alert; Here are precautions to avoid the infection

The health department of Kerala has stepped up its vigil in Kasargod following concerns over the spread of the Shigella virus after reporting its presence in Shawarma which caused the death of a teen girl Devananda. As per the report by Health Department, the heart and brain of the teenager were infected by the  Shigella bacteria. 

The Department of Health concluded that more children are likely to be infected because other children currently being treated have similar symptoms.  Meanwhile, the number of people being treated for food poisoning at various hospitals has risen to 57. The Department of Health recommends that patients with symptoms such as diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain should seek immediate medical attention. Moreover, the district of Kasargod is being monitored by special patients in various hospitals in the Kannur districts. 

Symptoms of Shigella

People with Shigella infection usually start experiencing symptoms 1 to 2 days after contact with the germ. These symptoms include: Diarrhea is one among it and then comes fever. The presence of blood during Diarrhea is often seen and aching in the stomach when there went no intake of food is also one of the symptoms. 

People get infected with shigella when they come in contact with and swallow small amounts of bacteria from the stool of a person who is infected with shigella. Shigella bacteria can also be passed in infected food or by drinking or swimming in unsafe water. The infection could be spread by making a contact with the patient and using the toilet used by the patient. In Kerala, the presence of Shigella has once again surfaced.

Read Also: Nipah resurfaces in Kerala, the state on high alert; Here’s a comparison of Nipah and Covid-19

Precautions

  1. Wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds frequently. Watch small children when they wash their hands.
  2. Throw away soiled diapers properly. Disinfect diaper-changing areas after use. Don’t prepare food for others if you have diarrhea. 
  3. Keep children with diarrhea home from child care, playgroups, or school. 
  4. Avoid swallowing water from ponds, lakes, or untreated pools. 
  5. Avoid sexual activity with anyone who has diarrhea or who recently recovered from diarrhea. 
  6. Avoid swimming until you have fully recovered.
  7. Used diapers should not be discarded freely for any reason.