Cyclone ‘Asani’ unlikely to make landfall in Andhra Pradesh; Here’s IMD’s comparison of Asani with ‘Fani’ & ‘Amphan’

On May 10, the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) said, ‘Asani’- a severe cyclone unlikely to make landfall in the parts of Visakhapatnam. Due to a severe hit, flight operations in Andhra Pradesh’s Visakhapatnam airport were canceled due to the severe cyclonic storm ‘Asani’ in the Bay of Bengal. As per the IMD report,  about 300 km southeast of Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh will be packed with a wind speed of 105 km per hour amidst an indication of a gradual weakening later in the day. 

The IMD office has warned of heavy or very heavy rains in some parts of the northern coast of Andhra Pradesh for the next two days. The meteorological office said the cyclone would come closer to northern Andhra Pradesh and then the coast of Odisha and finally it is expected that the strength would get lowered. 

Citing the same, Visakhapatnam International Airport director Srinivas said that IndiGo has canceled 23 flights, both arrivals, and departures. 

Asani, Fani, and Amphan

The name of every cyclone has been taken considering the behavior of the current cyclone. This is done in order to help in the quick identification of storms in warning messages because names are presumed to be far easier to remember than numbers and technical terms.  There are six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMCs) worldwide and five regional Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres, which are located for issuing advisories and naming of cyclonic storms. 

The Fani cyclone was an extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm that worst tropical cyclone to strike the Indian state of Odisha since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. The second named storm and the first severe cyclonic storm of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, Fani originated from a tropical depression that formed west of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean on 26 April. 

In May 2020, the cyclone Amphan happened and it was a powerful Super Cyclonic Storm and catastrophic tropical cyclone that caused widespread damage in Eastern India, specifically in West Bengal and Odisha, and Bangladesh. It was also the fourth super cyclone that hit West Bengal Kolkata since 15 as well as being one of the strongest storms to impact the area. Causing over US$13 billion of damage, Amphan is also the costliest cyclone ever recorded in the North Indian Ocean, surpassing the record held by Cyclone Nargis of 2008.

Read Also: Jawad Cyclone; Over 54,000 people evacuated in Andhra Pradesh; Details

Meanwhile, the name of the new cyclone – Asani has been taken by Srilanka and the meaning of the name is anger. Asani is the first cyclonic storm of the season this year. This time, the naming of the cyclone went to Srilanka and the next storm that would hit the coasts would be named by Thailand and later by India.  Ghurni, Probaho, Jhar and Murasu are the upcoming names from India.

When the three cyclones are compared, the Cyclone Fani and Amphan were both devastating storms of the immediate past in the Bay of Bengal.  Cyclone Fani was a Cat-4 equivalent Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm which lasted from 26Apr to 05 May 2019. This was the strongest storm since the 1999 Odisha Cyclone. Fani registered an average 1-minute wind speed of 250km and 3 minute mean of 185km. 

The cyclones which triggered a storm in the bay of Bengal were the strongest hit cyclones so far, and these three include them in it, but cyclone Asani is a bit bigger than Fani.