Population Surge; India to soon surpass China by 2023: UN report

Just after World Population Day, a report from the United Nations predicted that India’s population would grow from the current 1.4 billion people to 1.67 billion in 2050 and 1.53 billion in 2100. “India’s population is expected to rise to 1.429 billion and by 2023, India will surpass China in population, “noted the UN report.

The UN in its statement said that this year, the global population will reach 8 billion people; presenting new challenges, but also new opportunities for humanity. “India’s population is expected to rise to 1.429 billion and by 2023, India will surpass China in population, “noted the UN report. The UN expects the global population to hit 8 billion on November 15 and grow to 8.5 billion by 2030. More than half the projected rise between now and 2050 is expected to be in just eight countries: Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Tanzania, according to a report titled World Population Prospects 2022. 

Meanwhile, the report from the UN also noted that there is a chance for China to witness a decline in their population over the coming years. Earlier, a Chinese report also mentioned the same regarding the population decline in China. The report projected India surpassing China by 2027.

The latest UN report also said that the pandemic shaved off a few months from global life expectancy. From 72.8 in 2019, it fell to 71 years in 2021. In 2021, the report says, life expectancy was higher for females (73.8 years) than males (68.4 years).

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UN’s data further compared the population in Asia and other parts of the world. The data reported that the lower mortality rates and demographic changes might ensure that central and southern Asia become the world’s most-populous region by 2037. Numbers in sub-Saharan Africa may almost double by the late 2040s to cross 2 billion. Population growth rates in Europe and Northern America were almost zero in 2020 and 2021.